What gastritis is and how to treat it



Gastritis is a condition that causes inflammation in the stomach, which can cause abdominal discomfort and bloating. Gastritis, which is an inflammation of the stomach lining, has multiple causes. Prolonged use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can cause gastritis. Helicobacter pylori, a bacterium that infects the lining of the stomach and causes inflammation, is another major cause of gastritis. Symptoms include sharp pain in the upper part of the stomach that comes and goes as well as a burning pain in the upper abdomen. It may be necessary to restrict certain foods and drink if you have gastritis.

Gastritis causes inflammation in the stomach

Gastritis is a condition that causes inflammation in the stomach, which can cause abdominal discomfort and bloating. Gastritis is caused by an overgrowth of bacteria that live in your digestive system and cause damage to your stomach lining. As this happens, it causes gastritis symptoms such as pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

Gastritis can be caused by a number of things:

  • Hiatal hernia – This occurs when part of your stomach herniates through an opening in your diaphragm (the muscle between your lungs). The hiatal hernia needs treatment because it can lead to other conditions such as acid reflux or ulcers on top of gut inflammation from gastritis itself!
  • Ulcerative colitis – A type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes similar symptoms to those associated with Crohn’s disease but also includes rectal bleeding into stool due to damaged blood vessels within rectum walls.*

Gastritis has multiple causes.

Gastritis, which is an inflammation of the stomach lining, has multiple causes. Gastritis may be caused by stress, eating too much spicy food, or drinking alcohol. It can also be caused by a bacterial infection in the stomach.

Gastritis can be difficult to treat because it’s often due to the long-term use of NSAIDs like ibuprofen (Advil) or aspirin that damage your gut wall and causes inflammation.

Prolonged use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can cause gastritis

NSAIDs are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) that can be purchased over the counter or as a prescription. They contain compounds like ibuprofen and naproxen, which work by blocking the production of prostaglandins in the body. Prostaglandins cause inflammation and pain, so NSAIDs reduce this reaction by reducing prostaglandin production.

However, prolonged use of NSAIDs can cause gastritis—a condition where stomach acid becomes too strong and attacks parts of your stomach lining. This can lead to ulcers on the inside walls of your stomach that bleed when you eat or drink something hot or strong acids such as coffee or red wine

Helicobacter pylori is another major cause of gastritis

bacteria infection

H. pylori is a type of bacteria that can cause inflammation in the stomach. It’s often responsible for about 80% of all cases of gastritis, according to research published in The American Journal of Gastroenterology (2005).

H. pylori is spread from person to person through food and water—the most common way this happens is by eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water. If you have H. pylori, it won’t go away on its own; instead, your body will try to fight off this infection by producing antibodies against it (antibodies are proteins produced by our immune system).

Antibodies can kill off H. pylori—but if they don’t work fast enough or if there’s already too much damage done by the infection first place due to other causes like stress levels rising above normal levels for extended periods of time (elderly people), then treatment might not be enough

Symptoms of gastritis

Symptoms of gastritis include:

  • Sharp pain in the upper part of your stomach that comes and goes.
  • Burning pain in the upper abdomen.
  • Bloating and nausea are also common symptoms, along with vomiting and loss of appetite. Diarrhea and constipation are other possible signs of gastritis

Restrict certain foods and drink if you have gastritis

Gastritis is a condition that causes inflammation and irritation of your stomach lining. This can range from mild to severe, and it’s not uncommon for people with gastritis to have problems with their digestion or even lose weight as a result.

If you have gastritis and are having trouble eating certain foods or drinks, it might be necessary for you to restrict them temporarily until your symptoms subside. For example:

  • Alcoholic drinks including beer
  • Spicy foods like hot peppers or chili powder
  • Caffeine-containing products such as coffee
  • Tobacco products

Your doctor may recommend lifestyle changes, especially if you have an alcohol problem

As a general rule, if you have gastritis and are drinking alcohol, it is advisable to stop drinking. But even if you’re not ready to give up booze completely, limiting your intake can help keep your symptoms in check.

If you don’t want to quit cold turkey—or even if that’s not an option for whatever reason—your doctor may recommend lifestyle changes, especially if you have an alcohol problem or are pregnant. These include keeping track of how much alcohol is consumed per day and limiting the amount consumed during meals by eating smaller portions with less frequency.

To determine what your underlying cause may be, your doctor might order some tests.

If you have gastritis, your doctor might order some tests.

  • A blood test can help determine whether you have H. pylori infection. If so, an antibiotic may be able to treat it and stop the inflammation from worsening. (H. pylori can cause symptoms in other ways besides just causing gastritis.)
  • A stool test can detect bacteria in your digestive system that are related to H. pylori infection. Your doctor may recommend taking antibiotics if they find these bacteria in your body and they believe they’re eating them up by attacking them or killing off other harmful bacteria that live there as well; 
  • However, this isn’t always effective because sometimes people don’t respond well enough when given antibiotics after suffering long-term damage from having had untreated infections throughout their lives—even if their symptoms aren’t severe enough yet! 
  • Gastric emptying time is another way doctors check for possible issues with digestion; this refers specifically within our bodies’ stomachs where food goes through before being digested further down into other areas such as intestines.
  • Endoscopy involves using an instrument called scope which allows doctors to see inside our internal organs including those responsible for digestion like pancreas glands etcetera .

Gastritis is difficult to treat sometimes 

Even if you think your symptoms aren’t serious enough for doctors to consider them “gastritis,” take note: making lifestyle changes can still help relieve symptoms and reduce risk factors for developing future problems down the line by decreasing inflammation levels overall

Check for anemia caused by a lack of vitamin B12 due to long-term gastritis

They may also recommend a blood test to check for anemia caused by a lack of vitamin B12 due to long-term gastritis. Vitamin B12 is important for red blood cell production and can be found in foods such as meat, fish and dairy products. 

A lack of vitamin B12 can cause anemia, which makes you feel tired and weak. Anemia can be further complicated by other conditions like low iron stores or even kidney disease if it’s left untreated.

If your doctor thinks that you have long term gastritis then they may need to refer you to a specialist who will carry out further tests on your stomach lining (gastroscopy).

If it’s not too painful, eat mild foods such as vegetables


If you have gastritis, it’s important to eat foods that are easy for your body to digest. Foods such as vegetables and whole grain bread can help speed up your recovery by providing nutrients and fiber

Avoid spicy, fried and oily foods as much as possible because they may irritate the lining of your stomach.

To keep yourself well hydrated throughout the day: drink plenty of water; avoid caffeinated drinks; do not smoke or drink alcohol.

For most people, gastritis isn’t serious and improves quickly with treatment.

Gastritis is a common condition, but it’s usually caused by infection or medication. It can be treated with antibiotics and medication. To prevent recurrence, you should follow the treatment plan your doctor has recommended for your condition.

If you have mild gastritis, then you may be able to treat it at home without going to see a doctor. For example, if you feel better after taking an antacid try not adding any more dairy products into your diet until after three months have passed since the last episode of gastritis occurred in order to avoid further problems due to cow’s milk proteins being present in the food we eat each day.

Stomach acid helps break down food and kills bacteria

Stomach acid helps break down food and also kills germs (bacteria). But the stomach lining is protected from this acid by a natural coating. When this protective coating breaks down, the stomach lining becomes inflamed and irritated, causing gastritis.

To help prevent this condition, you can take antacids that contain aluminum hydroxide or magnesium hydroxide to neutralize stomach acid when it builds up in your body after eating or drinking alcohol. You may also want to drink plenty of fluids so that your body has more water available than usual — especially if you’re taking any prescription medicines such as antibiotics or antihistamines that cause dry mouth symptoms like thirstiness and frequent urination.

Gastritis can be treated in some cases by avoiding certain kinds of food and medicine.

Some of the most common things you can do to help prevent or treat gastritis include:

  • Avoid alcohol. Alcohol can irritate your stomach, leading to more inflammation in the area.
  • Avoid spicy foods that contain high amounts of chili peppers and other peppers (like jalapenos). Spicy foods may cause severe damage to your digestive system if they are not consumed in moderation and regularly.
  • Avoid caffeine-containing beverages like coffee or tea because these products can cause dehydration and an upset stomach, which will make your symptoms worse! Caffeine has been linked with an increased risk for developing ulcers as well as gastroenteritis; if you’re having trouble controlling how much you’re drinking each day, try switching up what kind of drink you’re having instead—it might work better than just cutting out entirely!


It is important to remember that gastritis is a very common condition, and many people have it. It can be easy to forget about your symptoms because they may seem mild or vague at first. However, if you have any concerns about your health, please speak with your doctor so they can help you diagnose the underlying cause of your condition and determine the best treatment plan for it.

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